Reported speech: hopes, intentions, & promises | English Grammar | EF

Reported speech: hopes, intentions, & promises

Reporting hopes, intentions, and promises

When we report an intention, hope or promise, we use an appropriate reporting verb followed by a 'that' clause with 'would' in it, or a to-infinitive clause. Verbs used in this pattern include: hope, promise, threaten, guarantee, & swear. Note that the word 'that' is optional when using a that clause, as in the first example below.

Examples
Direct speech Indirect speech
"I'll pay you the money tomorrow," he said. He promised to pay me the money the next day. OR
He promised that he would pay me the money the next day. OR
He promised he would pay me the money the next day.
"I'll be back by lunchtime," he said. He promised to be back by lunchtime. OR
He promised that he would be back by lunchtime.
"We should arrive in London before nightfall," they said. They hoped to arrive in London before nightfall. OR
They hoped they would arrive in London before nightfall.
"Give me the keys to the safe or I'll shoot you!" he shouted. He threatened to shoot me if I didn't give him the keys to the safe. OR
He threatened that he would shoot me if I didn't give him the keys to the safe.
"I will not tell anyone your secret" he said. He swore that he would not tell anyone my secret. OR
He swore not to tell anyone my secret.